This study used marine ecosystem models (Ecopath, Ecosim, and Ecospace modeling software) to assess MPA effectiveness in Raja Ampat, Indonesia. The authors took field data from this site in the heart of the Coral Triangle and found many trade-offs between MPAs that were designated no-take zones, and those that allowed some fisheries to operate. Rapid rebuilding of reef fish populations require no-take zones.
Author: Varkey, D. C.H. Ainsworth, and T.J. Pitcher
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Journal of Marine Biology 2012. doi:10.1155/2012/721483