Despite the important overlap and common goals between marine protected areas (MPAs) and marine ecosystem-based management (EBM), the two approaches have remained separated in conservation and management efforts. The authors of this paper explore the role and limitations of marine reserves and other types of MPAs in achieving a key EBM role – to reduce cumulative impacts. The paper provides scientific guidance regarding the use of MPAs within an EBM approach and evaluates the potential for marine reserves to achieve specific EBM goals at global and regional scales. 

Author: Halpern, B. S., S.E. Lester, and K.L. McLeod
Year: 2010
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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0908503107

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