Management Strategies

Restoration projects should seek the long-term recovery of habitats and ecosystem processes, such as recruitment of reef organisms and reef accretion, to promote healthy coral reef populations and ecosystem states. Photo © Tim Calver
Managing a coral reef ecosystem for resilience includes supporting coral community health and ecosystem function as a whole.

Coral reefs are facing unprecedented threats from a combination of local and global stressors. At the same time, coral reefs are increasingly recognized as a vital foundation for economic development, community wellbeing, and social resilience.

Effective management of coral reefs has become an important focus for coastal communities, and a range of strategies are available to help protect reef biodiversity and facilitate sustainable use.

This section introduces some key strategies for coral reef managers to address local stressors and build resilience of coral reefs in the face of global change.