Schooling Fusiliers and Healthy Hard and Soft Corals photographed in the waters at Kofiau. Kofiau is part of the Raja Ampat Islands of Indonesia located in the Coral Triangle, an area containing what may be the richest variety of marine species and corals in the world. The people of Indonesia's Raja Ampat region depend on the sea for both their food and income. The Nature Conservancy has been actively working here with government, local communities and other partners toward Raja Ampat's protection. Because of this program destructive fishing has virtually been eliminated from the local Kofiau Marine Protected Area. Photo Credit: Jeff Yonover
Coral reef ecosystems that are more resilient to the impacts of global and local stressors are better able to resist and recover.

Coral reefs are among the oldest ecosystems on earth, and are not only hotspots for biodiversity, but also provide countless services and economic benefits to local communities.

Unfortunately, coral reefs worldwide are in crisis. Over the last few decades, global stressors related to climate change have been recognized as a significant threat to coral reef ecosystems. The combination of global and local stressors has resulted in declines in reef communities worldwide.

Managers can take actions to support coral reef resilience, thus conserving these valuable ecosystems for future generations. Coral reef ecosystems that are more resilient to the impacts of global and local threats are more likely to survive into the future.

This section includes more information on ecological and social resilience, how it applies to coral reef ecosystems, and management strategies for improving reef resilience to climate change.


Banner photo © Jeff Yonover